Machu Picchu and History

Machu Picchu (name from the Quechua language meaning Machu Pikchu “Old Mountain”) is the designation given to this renowned Inca Andean village, built mainly in stone in the mid-fifteenth century and serves as a union between the mountains of Machu Picchu and Huayna Picchu.

Location of Machu Picchu


The climate of the place is hot and humid during the day and cool at night. The temperature varies between 12 and 24 ° C. During the months of November and March it presents constant rains (1,955 mm per year) and it is common to observe rainy seasons with some solar brightness.

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History of Machu Picchu

Machu Picchu was built between the XV and XVI centuries, along with other Inca citadels under similar characteristics. They were small and picturesque cities all self-sustainable, with platforms that ensured their subsistence and deposits for the storage of these foods. These citadels were populated mainly by nobles, priests and “aqllas” (virgins of the sun). The peasants were the ones who worked the platforms and agricultural fields but did not live inside the citadel.

Machu Picchu was also part of the exchange system (barter) of essential products between the empire and other communities in the jungle. From the low forests came valuable products for the Quechuas (name that defines the population of the empire): coca, medicinal herbs, feathers of exotic birds and ornaments for the ritual ceremonies, certain varieties of chili, and from the Andes the potato was offered in all its varieties, grains, corn, among others.

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